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Marenzelleria viridis   (Verrill, 1873)

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Classification Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Polychaeta | Canalipalpata | Spionidae

Main reference References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Hill, M., R. Baker, G. Broad, P.J. Chandler, G.H. Coop, J. Ellis, D. Jones, C. Hoyland, I. Laing, M. Longshaw, N. Moore, D. Parrott, D. Pearman, C. Preston, R.M. Smith and R. Waters. 2005. (Ref. 1314)

Size / Weight / Age

Environment

Benthic; brackish

Climate / Range

Temperate

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Atlantic Ocean and the Arctic.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in littoral and sublittoral sediments (Ref. 1314). An infaunal species in sandy substrate, commonly on Zostera beds (Ref. 95819). In the Vainameri, north-eastern Baltic Sea, inhabits rocky, silty sand and clay sediment types (Ref. 95753), and under Furcellaria lumbricalis mats (Ref. 95891). An opportunistic species linked to the reduced survival of native benthic species in the Baltic Sea (Ref. 95891). Members of the class Polychaeta are mostly gonochoric (sexual). Mating: Females produce a pheromone attracting and signalling the males to shed sperm which in turn stimulates females to shed eggs, this behavior is known as swarming. Gametes are spawned through the metanephridia or body wall rupturing (termed as "epitoky", wherein a pelagic, reproductive individual, "epitoke", is formed from a benthic, nonreproductive individual, "atoke"). After fertilization, most eggs become planktonic; although some are retained in the worm tubes or burrowed in jelly masses attached to the tubes (egg brooders). Life Cycle: Eggs develop into trocophore larva, which later metamorph into juvenile stage (body lengthened), and later develop into adults (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


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Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown