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Manania gwilliami   Larson & Fautin, 1989


Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Manania gwilliami   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Manania gwilliami
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Scyphozoa | Stauromedusae | Depastridae | Thaumatoscyphinae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Sessile; depth range 2 - 15 m (Ref. 3419).  Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Eastern Pacific: British Colombia, Mexico, USA and Canada.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 0.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3419)

Short description Morphology

Goblet-shaped, to 4 cm total length. Calyx as long as wide, clearly demarcated from stalk, with scattered nematocyst wart. Stalk narrow; circular to quadrangular in cross-section; highly contractile, from 1/2 to 3 to 4 times calyx length; four chambered throughout. Arms short, tending to occur as four interradial pain. Secondary tentacles 15 to 30 per arm, short, capitate, outermost ones with enlarged adaxial glandular pads. Primary tentacles (anchors) eight, similar to abaxial secondary tentacles but smaller; each with a small, dark pigment spot near margin. Mouth quadrate with frilled lips. Coronal muscle well developed, entire, at subumbrellar margin. Radial subumbrellar muscles eight, in adradii, extending to arm tips. Subumbrellar nematocyst vesicles along margin, most numerous in perradii where they cover most of gonad surface. Gonads eight, in four perradial pairs. Each pair with obliquely oriented folds. Color of subumbrella, calyx, and stalk variable, ranging from tan to magenta. Subumbrellar nematocyst clusters vivid white. Gonads cream to tan with narrow, dark brown pigment band extending radially aver subumbrellar surface.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Length and depth based on type locality; to be replaced with better reference. Members of the class Scyphozoa are gonochoric. Life cycle: Egg is laid by the adult medusa which later develops into a free-living planula, then to a scyphistoma to a strobila, and lastly to a free-living young medusa (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Scyphozoa are gonochoric. Life cycle: Egg is laid by the adult medusa which later develops into a free-living planula, then to a scyphistoma to a strobila, and lastly to a free-living young medusa.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Cairns, S.D., D.R. Calder, A. Brinckmann-Voss, C.B. Castro, D.G. Fautin, P.R. Pugh, C.E. Mills, W.C. Jaap, M.N. Arai, S.H.D. Haddock and D.M. Opresko. 2003. (Ref. 1663)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 9.3 - 27.2, mean 12.2 (based on 202 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown