Bivalvia | Pterioida
Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 348)
Size / Weight / Age
Benthic; depth range 1 - 15 m (Ref. 348)
Climate / Range
Indo-Pacific: from East Africa, to Melanesia; north to Japan and south to Queensland.
Byssally attached to hard objects, on reef flats, coarse coral sand or eelgrass areas. The shell is vertically disposed and partly buried in sediment, with the long dorsal ears acting as an anchor and the ventral quarter of valves exposed. Sublittoral. Often occurring in large colonies (Ref. 348). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models