Bivalvia | Pterioida
Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 348)
Size / Weight / Age
Benthic; depth range 1 - 25 m (Ref. 348)
Climate / Range
Indo-Pacific: from East Africa, including the Red Sea, to Solomon Islands; north to Japan and south to Queensland and Western Australia.
Found in shallow waters near coral reefs (Ref. 799). Free-living in muddy-sand bottoms, anchored in the substrate by means of the long anterior and posterior extensions of dorsal margin and with the ventral third of shell projecting. Sublittoral. Often occurs in colonies (Ref. 348). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models