Hydrozoa | Limnomedusae
Environment / Climate / Range
Western Atlantic, Pacific and the Black Sea.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 5.6 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 2376)
Often measures less than 40 mm and at most 56 mm in diameter; large manubrium with 4 very long frilly lips and no gastric peduncle; 4 radial canals, each with curtain-like gonads extending onto "arms" of the manubrium; several prominent centripetal canals extending upward in each quadrant of the ring canal; 600 tentacles; numerous statocysts around the bell margin, each with an indistinct ocellus; milky white umbrella and pink blush around the bell margin (Ref. 2376).
Medusae released in late spring and early summer and rest on the bottom to feed on small crustaceans (Ref. 2376). Species listed only in medusoid stage (Ref. 1663, p. 18). Medusae released in late spring and early summer; grow up as a cohort. Medusae usually rest at the bottom, some rise to the surface (Ref. 2376).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Species listed only in medusoid stage (Ref. 1663, p. 18). Medusae released in late spring and early summer; grow up as a cohort. Medusae usually rest at the bottom, some rise to the surface (Ref. 2376).
Cairns, S.D., D.R. Calder, A. Brinckmann-Voss, C.B. Castro, D.G. Fautin, P.R. Pugh, C.E. Mills, W.C. Jaap, M.N. Arai, S.H.D. Haddock and D.M. Opresko. 2003. (Ref. 1663)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)