Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 847)
Size / Weight / Age
Climate / Range
Tropical; 46°N - 21°N, 82°W - 37°E (Ref. 847)
Southeast Pacific, Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean. Tropical and subtropical.
Usually azooxanthellate in the Mediterranean but zooxanthellate in American coast. Colonies are encrusting or nodular and is usually red, pink, grey or green, partly depending on the presence of zooxanthellae.
Found in deep water (Ref. 847), and in infra- and circalittoral zones (Ref. 85338). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models