Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 60 m (Ref. 83917)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 33°N - 8°N, 98°W - 58°W (Ref. 847)
Western Central Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea to Bermuda.
Branching colonies with widespread corallites that are sometimes angular in outline. Coenosteum has fine spinules that sometimes form a ridge between corallites.
Found in shallow reef environments (Ref. 847). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models