Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 98 m (Ref. 83917)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 33°N - 25°S, 92°W - 12°E (Ref. 847)
Central and Southern Atlantic Ocean.
Colonies are nodular laminar or encrusting with nodules usually flattened in section and club-shaped. Corallites are widely separated and circular to angular in outline.
Found in shallow water and also in low light conditions (Ref. 1663). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models