Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Cairns, S.D., D.R. Calder, A. Brinckmann-Voss, C.B. Castro, D.G. Fautin, P.R. Pugh, C.E. Mills, W.C. Jaap, M.N. Arai, S.H.D. Haddock and D.M. Opresko. 2003. (Ref. 1663)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 12 - ? m (Ref. 847)
Climate / Range
Subtropical; 34°N - 8°N, 98°W - 12°W (Ref. 847)
Central Atlantic: Caribbean Sea and northern Canary Current.
Azooxanthellate species with colonies of fine twisted branches. Corallites are subcerioid with rounded outline. The coenosteum is covered by coarse spinules.
Found in rocky foreshores below 12 meters (Ref. 1663). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models