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Macrobrachium rosenbergii   (De Man, 1879)

giant river prawn
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Image of Macrobrachium rosenbergii (giant river prawn)
Macrobrachium rosenbergii
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Malacostraca | Decapoda | Palaemonidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Benthic; freshwater; brackish; depth range 0 - 2 m (Ref. 97531).  Tropical; 21°N - 18°S, 116°E - 151°E (Ref. 110598)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-Pacific: M. rosenbergii actually are two separate species; M. rosenbergii is distributed East of Huxley's Line from the Philippines (including Palawan), Lesser Sunda Islands, New Guinea and northern Australia and M. dacqueti ranges from Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka to the Asian mainland in southern China, Taiwan and up to Malaysia, Borneo and Java.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Wild post larvae migrate to down-stream near to the sea to a higher elevation freshwater waters streams (Ref. 82055). The native range of Macrobrachium rosenbergii actually consists of two separate species differing in adult morphological features. The actual M. rosenbergii occurs in northern Australia, Papua New Guinea, eastern Indonesia (east of Huxley's line including Bali) and the Philippines (includes Palawan). The second species is discovered as M. dacqueti (Sunier, 1925) which is actually the species extensively commercially fished and cultured. This species occurs in Asian mainland from Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka and southern China and to the western border of Huxley's line excluding Palawan, up to Borneo and Java (Ref. 110598, 110593). Coastal freshwater and estuarine (Ref. 97531). Survival rate and growth high at 0-15 ppt (Ref. 111574). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

del Mundo, C.M. 2000. (Ref. 10)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Aquaculture: production, fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Aquaculture: species profile; fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high