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Macrobrachium rosenbergii   (De Man, 1879)

giant river prawn
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Image of Macrobrachium rosenbergii (giant river prawn)
Picture by FAO

Classification
Malacostraca | Decapoda | Palaemonidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
del Mundo, C.M. 2000. (Ref. 10)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age

Environment
Benthic; freshwater; brackish; depth range 0 - 2 m (Ref. 97531)

Climate / Range
Tropical; 21°N - 18°S, 116°E - 151°E (Ref. 110598)

Distribution
Indo-Pacific: M. rosenbergii actually are two separate species; M. rosenbergii is distributed East of Huxley's Line from the Philippines (including Palawan), Lesser Sunda Islands, New Guinea and northern Australia and M. dacqueti ranges from Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka to the Asian mainland in southern China, Taiwan and up to Malaysia, Borneo and Java.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Wild post larvae migrate to down-stream near to the sea to a higher elevation freshwater waters streams (Ref. 82055). The native range of Macrobrachium rosenbergii actually consists of two separate species differing in adult morphological features. The actual M. rosenbergii occurs in northern Australia, Papua New Guinea, eastern Indonesia (east of Huxley's line including Bali) and the Philippines (includes Palawan). The second species is discovered as M. dacqueti (Sunier, 1925) which is actually the species extensively commercially fished and cultured. This species occurs in Asian mainland from Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka and southern China and to the western border of Huxley's line excluding Palawan, up to Borneo and Java (Ref. 110598, 110593). Coastal freshwater and estuarine (Ref. 97531). Survival rate and growth high at 0-15 ppt (Ref. 111574). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses
Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Aquaculture: production, fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Aquaculture: species profile; fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high