Asteroidea | Paxillosida
Jennings, S., J. Lancaster, A. Woolmer and J. Cotter. 1999. (Ref. 3123)
Size / Weight / Age
Benthic; depth range 10 - 1292 m (Ref. 85345)
Climate / Range
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
Northeast Atlantic and the Mediterranean: North and Celtic seas.
Epibenthic (Ref. 87524). Members of the class Asteroidea exhibit both asexual (regeneration and clonal) and sexual (gonochoric) means of reproduction. Life cycle: Embryos hatch into planktonic larvae and later metamorphose into pentamorous juveniles which develop into young sea stars with stubby arms (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models