Asteroidea | Paxillosida
de Marino, S., N. Borbone, M. Iorizzi, G. Esposito, J.B. McClintock and F. Zollo. 2003. (Ref. 77921)
Size / Weight / Age
Benthic; depth range 0 - 218 m (Ref. 81020)
Climate / Range
Western Pacific: Japan, China, Taiwan and the Philippines.
Members of the class Asteroidea exhibit both asexual (regeneration and clonal) and sexual (gonochoric) means of reproduction. Life cycle: Embryos hatch into planktonic larvae and later metamorphose into pentamorous juveniles which develop into young sea stars with stubby arms (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models