Bivalvia | Veneroida
Turgeon, D.D., J.F. Quinn Jr., A.E. Bogan, E.V. Coan, F.G. Hochberg, W.G. Lyons, P.M. Mikkelsen, R.J. Neves, C.F.E. Roper, G. Rosenberg, B. Roth, A. Scheltema, F.G. Thompson, M. Vecchione and J.D. Willams. 1998. (Ref. 1667)
Size / Weight / Age
Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 2 m (Ref. 87155)
Climate / Range
Subtropical; 27°C - 28°C (Ref. 87155); 36°N - 29°S, 98°W - 34°W
Western Atlantic: Canada to North Carolina, Florida, Texas, West Indies, Venezuela, Suriname, Brazil (Amapa to Santa Catarina).
Depth range from Belize (Ref. 87155). Minimum depth based on its ecology (Ref.104470). Typically found in calm waters (Ref. 105409). Dominates confined areas of mangrove swamps. Lives deeply burrowed in reducing mud (Ref. 104215). Also in sandy-muddy sediments burrowing from 10 to 20 cm (Ref. 104470). Strictly filter-feeder (Ref. 104242), specifically a suspension feeder (Ref. 105409). In general, suspension feeding bivalves mainly depend on phytoplankton and detritus material for nutrition (Ref. 107088). Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models