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Loxechinus albus   (Molina, 1782)

Chilean sea urchin
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Classification Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Echinoidea | Echinoida | Echinidae

Main reference References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

MarineSpecies.org. 2050. (Ref. 3477)

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 10.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 101470)

Environment

Demersal; depth range 0 - 340 m (Ref. 87801)

Climate / Range

Subtropical, preferred 13°C (Ref. 107945); 6°S - 55°S, 82°W - 58°W (Ref. 101470)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

South America: from northern Chile, to Tierra del Fuego up to 37°S and Port William, Falkland Islands in the east.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Fished along Chilean coasts since the 1960's and has been used as a food source since pre-Columbian times. It is found on rocky substrates from the intertidal to a depth of 340 m, and it feeds on Macrocystis sp. (Ref. 87801). Members of the class Echinoidea are gonochoric. Fertilization is external. Brooding is common, eggs are held either on the peristome, around the periproct or deep into the concavities on the petaloids. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (echinoplateus) and live for several months before they sink to the bottom using their tube feet to adhere on the ground where they metamorphose into young urchins (Ref. 833). Spawning began August which extended to November. High percentage of spawning males due to resorption of gametes was observed in December. No spermatogenic activity observed from late December to February. Gonad recovery started March, spermatozoa resorbed by nutritive phagocytes. Gonad recovery for females was slower compared to males (Ref. 93016).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Price category (Ref. 80766)