Cephalopoda | Teuthida | Loliginidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS
Roper, C.F.E., M.J. Sweeney and C.E. Nauen. 1984. (Ref. 275)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 12.0 cm ML male/unsexed; (Ref. 275)
Demersal; depth range 0 - 426 m (Ref. 275), usually 20 - 200 m (Ref. 275)
Climate / Range
Subtropical; 61°N - 30°N, 15°W - 25°E (Ref. 275)
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
Females grow bigger than males (Ref. 3722). Maximum depth from Ref. 105651. Feeds on amphipods, copepods, decapods, euphausiids, mysids and fish (Ref. 107015). Members of the class Cephalopoda are gonochoric. Male and female adults usually die shortly after spawning and brooding, respectively. Mating behavior: Males perform various displays to attract potential females for copulation. During copulation, male grasp the female and inserts the hectocotylus into the female's mantle cavity where fertilization usually occurs. Life cycle: Embryos hatch into planktonic stage and live for some time before they grow larger and take up a benthic existence as adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)