Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 848)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 36°N - 27°S, 40°E - 160°E (Ref. 848)
Indo-West Pacific: Mozambique to Papua New Guinea, north to Japan and south to Australia.
Formation: often consists of few corallites, but may be large and hemispherical. Corallites: large, phaceloid, mostly monocentric. Septa: with tall sharp teeth. Polyps: thick, fleshy, with rough surface. Color: blue gray, with pale valley floors or septo-costae at times. Corallites of the same colony have same coloration (Ref. 848).
Occurs in most reef environments (Ref. 848). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models