Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. and G. Hodgson. 1989. (Ref. 8817)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 28°N - 31°S, 70°E - 180°E (Ref. 848)
Indo-West Pacific: Maldives, Indonesia to Melanesia, north to Taiwan and south to Australia.
Formation: flat or hemispherical, phaceloid or partly flabello-meandroid; rarely exceeding 0.5 m across. Corallites: 40 to 50 mm in diameter, circular to irregular in outline. Primary septa: thick, with 3 to 5 long lobed teeth. Columellae: large, often diffuse. Poorly developed costae. Color: uniformly dark green or gray with yellowish primary septa (Ref. 848).
Occurs in protected upper reef slopes and lagoons (Ref. 848). Has high bleaching level and high estimated mortality in Palau (Ref. 66144). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models