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Lobophyllia hemprichii   (Ehrenberg, 1834)

largebrain root coral

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Lobophyllia hemprichii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS

Classification Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Anthozoa | Scleractinia | Mussidae

Main reference References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Hodgson, G. 1998. (Ref. 269)

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 5.0 cm male/unsexed; (Ref. 269)

Environment

Reef-associated; depth range 6 - 30 m (Ref. 8294)

Climate / Range

Tropical; 36°N - 29°S, 32°E - 110°W (Ref. 848)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-Pacific: East Africa including Red Sea to Polynesia, north to Japan and south to Australia.

Short description

Formation: flat to hemispherical, may exceed 5 m across; phaceloid to flabello-meandroid with irregularly dividing valleys. Several colonies in different colors and polyp mantle textures may fuse to form a single composite stand. Septa: thickness taper from wall to columella, with tall sharp teeth. Polyps: thick and fleshy when retracted; mantles either smooth or rough. Color: uniform, or with 2 or more colors concentric to mouths or valley walls; corallites of the same colony share the same coloration (Ref. 848). This species is one of the two species of Lobophyllia and is similar to L. corymbosa, which is very similar to the first in overall growth form. The corallites are phaceloid, separated except at the base and form long meanders 1 to 5 cm in width. The septa and costae are covered with exsert, sharp dentations (Ref. 269).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum depth from Ref. 100939. Occurs in upper reef slopes (Ref. 848). Zooxanthellae (Ref. 19). Has high bleaching level and high estimated mortality in Palau (Ref. 66144). Hermaphroditic (Refs. 113708, 113712). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Threat to humans

Human uses


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Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Hexacorallians of the World | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown