Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. and G. Hodgson. 1989. (Ref. 8817)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 36°N - 26°S, 32°E - 180°E (Ref. 848)
Indo-West Pacific: East Africa including Red Sea to Melanesia, north to Japan and south to Australia.
Formation: flabello-meandroid at the margin, submeandroid at the center; shallow valleys with flat floor. Columellae: often in 2 rows except at valley ends, or evenly distributed on flat areas. Color: often brown or green, valley floors and walls in contrasting colors (Ref. 848).
Occurs in upper reef slopes away from wave action (Ref. 848). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models