Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 848)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 29°N - 24°S, 95°E - 165°E (Ref. 848)
Indo-West Pacific: Japan to Australia and Indonesia to Papua New Guinea.
Formation: large, usually dome-shaped; flabello-meandroid with valleys closely compacted.; large colonies easily break apart despite a robust appearance. Polyps: with thick fleshy mantle hiding the skeletal structure. Mantle: covered by elongate papillae resembling tentacles; if touched, mantle retracts to reveal the underlying growth form, where valleys have no common walls. Color: uniform dark gray-brown. Underwater, it appears to be a Symphyllia (Ref. 848).
Occurs in most shallow reef environments (Ref. 848). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models