Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 848)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 24°N - 26°S, 70°E - 180°E (Ref. 848)
Indo-West Pacific: Maldives to Melanesia, north to Taiwan and south to Australia.
Formation: small, flat, or dome-shaped. Corallites: phaceloid, often monocentric but may have up to 3 centers; average of 16 mm in diameter. Septal teeth: few, long and conspicuous. Columellae: circular to oval; well developed. Color: mottled orange, green or white; mouths often pale (Ref. 848).
Occurs in upper reef slopes and lagoons (Ref. 848). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models