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Litopenaeus setiferus   (Linnaeus, 1767)

northern white shrimp
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Image of Litopenaeus setiferus (northern white shrimp)
Picture by FAO

Classification
Malacostraca | Decapoda | Penaeidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 17.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8); 20 cm TL (female)

Environment
Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 119 m (Ref. 356)

Climate / Range
Subtropical, preferred 24°C (Ref. 107945)

Distribution
Western Atlantic: from New Jersey, USA to Yucatan, Mexico.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum carapace length: 4.1 cm (male; Ref. 8). Maximum standard length: 19.0 cm. Maximum depth from Ref. 108758. Occurs at depths from 2 to 90 m in bottom mud or peat with sand or clay in marine (adults) and estuarine (juveniles) environments. Temperate to tropical climates (Ref. 8). Migrates to deeper areas within estuaries as it grows. Juveniles are also found across vegetated marsh edge, oyster reefs, and oyster shell deposits and non-vegetated bottom (Ref. 106898). Regularly uses vegetated intertidal marshes when the habitat is tidally inundated. Omnivore, feeds on live and dead plant and animal matter, including detritus (Ref. 67681) but also an epibenthic predator, feeding on small crustaceans, bivalves, polychaetes and oligochaetes (Ref. 108790). Life cycle: Eggs hatch into planktonic nauplii. The larvae undergo five nauplial, three protozoeal, and three mysis stages; then into two postlarval stages (Refs. 254, 79469). Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833). Copulation occurs when the male attached its spermatophore to the thelycum of the female (Ref. 109188). Spawning may occur once or up to four times (Ref. 109189). Peak spawning occurs in June or July (Ref. 109188).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses
Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: experimental
FAO(Aquaculture: production; fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us |

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (11 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high