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Lithodes santolla   (Molina, 1782)

Southern king crab

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Lithodes santolla   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification
Malacostraca | Decapoda | Lithodidae | Lithodinae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Arana, P.M.E. and M.A. Retamal. 1999. (Ref. 2676)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 19.0 cm CL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93013); max. published weight: 800.00 g (Ref. 93013)

Environment
Benthic; depth range 0 - 700 m (Ref. 2686)

Climate / Range
Subtropical, preferred 9°C (Ref. 107945); 34°S - 57°S, 77°W - 51°W

Distribution
Southeast Pacific and Southwest Atlantic: from Chile (Talcahuano to Cape Horn), Falkland Islands, Argentina and Uruguay. Subtropical and temperate.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Restricted to deeper waters (Ref. 2786). Intraspecific predation observed in its early stages (Ref. 104081). Juveniles are observed to form aggregations known as "pods" on large kelp Macrocystis pyrifera. Young individuals are found around the holdfasts and stipes of this kelp (Ref. 104212) as well as on rocky bottoms in the subtidal nearshore (Ref. 104371). Juveniles are voracious and opportunistic omnivorous predators (Ref. 104371). Scavenger and predator (Ref. 113323). Life cycle: Females begin molting in late November to early December. Fertilization occurs right after oviposition. Embryogenesis lasts 9-10 months. Larval hatching occurs between mid-September and October. Embryos develop into lecithotrophic or facultative larvae, which passes through three zoeal and one megalopal stages, and later metamorphoses to the first benthic crab stage. Mating behavior: A precopulatory embrace occurs between an old-shelled male and a recently molted female. Females carry 5500-60000 eggs (Ref. 93013).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses
Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: ; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Price category (Ref. 80766)