Demospongiae | Poecilosclerida
Simpson, T.L. 1968. (Ref. 851)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; brackish; depth range 0 - 11 m (Ref. 108813)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 25°C - 33°C (Ref. 86836)
Atlantic Ocean, Indo-Pacific and the Mediterranean.
Amorphous to lobate. Conulose and rugose surface with oscules on top of lobes with dermal canals. Compressible (Ref. 415). Grows massive or in thick large tubes (Ref. 86785). Color: highly variable, from purple, blue, pale blue, bluish gray, bluish green, turquoise, olive-gray, clear green, yellow-green, clear yellow, golden yellow, to gray and almost white. Interior is often a bit lighter than exterior. Skeleton: ectosomal membrane with tylotes strewn about tangential strands, with some erect spicule columns supporting the membrane (Ref. 87254).
In shallow water, lagoon (Ref. 851); mangrove roots; among seagrass blades of Halimeda (Ref. 415) and Thalassia; or stony coral Porites (Ref. 87254). Commensal with amphipods (Ref. 82302). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models