Demospongiae | Poecilosclerida
Environment / Climate / Range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 0 - 11 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical; 25°C - 33°C (Ref. 86836)
Atlantic Ocean, Indo-Pacific and the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Amorphous to lobate. Conulose and rugose surface with oscules on top of lobes with dermal canals. Compressible (Ref. 415). Grows massive or in thick large tubes (Ref. 86785). Color: highly variable, from purple, blue, pale blue, bluish gray, bluish green, turquoise, olive-gray, clear green, yellow-green, clear yellow, golden yellow, to gray and almost white. Interior is often a bit lighter than exterior. Skeleton: ectosomal membrane with tylotes strewn about tangential strands, with some erect spicule columns supporting the membrane (Ref. 87254).
In shallow water, lagoon (Ref. 851); mangrove roots; among seagrass blades of Halimeda (Ref. 415) and Thalassia; or stony coral Porites (Ref. 87254). Commensal with amphipods (Ref. 82302). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Simpson, T.L. 1968. (Ref. 851)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models