Gymnolaemata | Cyclostomata
Environment / Climate / Range
Northeast Atlantic: Svalbard.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
This is an attached species (Ref. 3123), and a suspension feeder (Ref. 3477). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Piepenburg, D., N.V. Chernova, C.F. von Dorrien, J. Gutt, A.V. Neyelov, E. Rachor, L. Saldanha and M.K. Schmid. 1996. (Ref. 2952)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models