Bivalvia | Veneroida
Urban, H.J. and B. Campos. 1994. (Ref. 75339)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 8.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 101426)
Benthic; depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 101272)
Climate / Range
Temperate, preferred 18°C (Ref. 107945); 16°S - 47°S, 110°W - 70°W
Southeast Pacific: Chile, Easter Island, and Peru. Subtropical to temperate.
Common shell length is between 5 to 7 cm (Ref. 101426). Subtidal, living just below the surface of sandy substrates. Has high lethal temperature threshold, surviving El Niño events (Ref. 105334). In general, suspension feeding bivalves mainly depend on phytoplankton and detritus material for nutrition (Ref. 107088). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models