Asteroidea | Paxillosida
Piepenburg, D., N.V. Chernova, C.F. von Dorrien, J. Gutt, A.V. Neyelov, E. Rachor, L. Saldanha and M.K. Schmid. 1996. (Ref. 2952)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 10.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 93256)
Benthic; depth range 40 - 1261 m (Ref. 93256)
Climate / Range
Circumpolar, from 38Â°N on the North American side to Ireland in the Atlantic and from Bering Sea to Japan and Oregon in the Pacific. Polar to temperate regions.
Found on mud, sand and pebbles (Ref. 93256). Members of the class Asteroidea exhibit both asexual (regeneration and clonal) and sexual (gonochoric) means of reproduction. Life cycle: Embryos hatch into planktonic larvae and later metamorphose into pentamorous juveniles which develop into young sea stars with stubby arms (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models