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Lepidochelys olivacea   (Eschscholtz, 1829)

Olive ridley turtle
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Image of Lepidochelys olivacea (Olive ridley turtle)
Lepidochelys olivacea
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Reptilia | Testudines | Cheloniidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Benthopelagic; depth range 0 - 200 m (Ref. 78527).  Tropical; 61°N - 40°S, 20°W - 30°W (Ref. 1397)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-Pacific and the Atlantic Ocean.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 49 - ? cm Max length : 76.0 cm CL male/unsexed; (Ref. 418); common length : 75.0 cm CL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1397); max. published weight: 43.4 kg (Ref. 1397)

Short description Morphology

The olive ridley turtle has a slightly deeper body than the Kemp’s ridley. In adults; carapace nearly round; upturned on the lateral margins; flat on top; its width 90 percent of its length (Straight Curved Length (SCL)). Head: subtriangular; moderate-sized; averaging 22.4 percent of straight carapace length (SCL). Hatchlings: relatively bigger heads (39 percent SCL); longer carapaces (width 78 percent SCL); flippers comparatively bigger than in adults. In 3-year old juveniles: the carapace width, 93 percent of SCL; head length, 26 percent of SCL. Scales and scutes: same configuration as in the Kemp’s ridley; but the lateral scutes are often more than five pairs; the first pair is always in touch with the precentral scute. Also has openings of the Rathke’s glands on the plastral bridges; through a pore on the rear part of each inframarginal scute Fore flippers with 1 or 2 visible claws on the anterior border; sometimes another small claw in the distal part; rear flippers also with 2 claws. Males: larger more strongly curved claws; as well as a longer tail. Color: adults, plain olive-grey above; creamy or whitish; with pale grey margins underneath. Newborn hatchlings: when wet; almost completely black; sometimes with greenish sides; in general, become dark grey after drying. With growth; they change to grey dorsally and white underneath.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This species is the most abundant sea turtle in the world. Frequently neritic, usually migrates along the continental shelves and feeds in shallow waters (Ref. 1397) but also dives deeper than 150 m (Ref. 78527). Inhabits shallow coastal waters; open sea forming schools (Ref. 417); and, a warm vertically stratified water with deep thermocline (Ref. 78527). Also, observed to be basking on sand beaches. Mating occurs before and during nesting season near nesting beaches, along migratory routes or at the sea surface. Nesting season occurs in summer and autumn but varies from place to place. The reproductive cycle is nearly annual. The mean number of eggs per clutch is around 109 eggs which usually ranges from a couple of dozen to more than 155 eggs. Incubation period extends from 45 to 65 days. Egg mean diameter ranges from 3.21 to 4.47 cm and 30 to 38 g in weight. Hatchling ranges between 3.47 and 4.46 cm straight carapace length and from 12 to 22.3 g in body weight. Sizes and weight varies in different populations and localities (Ref. 1397). Shallow coastal waters; open sea forming schools (Ref. 417). Habitat is a warm vertically stratified water with deep thermocline (Ref. 78527). Observed to be basking on sand beaches (Ref. 1397). Nesting patterns range from solitary to small groups to arribadas (Ref. 97534). Mating occurs before and during nesting season near nesting beaches, along migratory routes or at the sea surface. When disturbed, they dive. It is assumed that promiscuity may occur but was not yet reported. Nesting season occurs in summer and autumn but varies from place to place. The reproductive cycle is almost annual which occurs every 14 or 28 days and repeats two to eight times per season. The mean number of eggs per clutch is around 109 eggs which usually ranges from a couple of dozen to more than 155 eggs. Incubation period extends from 45 to 65 days. Egg mean diameter ranges from 3.21 to 4.47 cm and 30 to 38 g in weight. Hatchlings ranges between 3.47 and 4.46 cm straight carapace length and from 12 to 22.3 g in body weight. Sizes and weight varies in different populations and localities (Ref. 1397). Temperature-dependent Sex Determination (TSD) is demonstrated in this species (Refs. 83974, 83976).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Mating occurs before and during nesting season near nesting beaches, along migratory routes or at the sea surface. When disturbed, they dive. It is assumed that promiscuity may occur but was not yet reported. Nesting season occurs in summer and autumn but varies from place to place. The reproductive cycle is almost annual which occurs every 14 or 28 days and repeats two to eight times per season. The mean number of eggs per clutch is around 109 eggs which usually ranges from a couple of dozen to more than 155 eggs. Incubation period extends from 45 to 65 days. Egg mean diameter ranges from 3.21 to 4.47 cm and 30 to 38 g in weight. Hatchlings ranges between 3.47 and 4.46 cm straight carapace length and from 12 to 22.3 g in body weight. Sizes and weight varies in different populations and localities (Ref. 1397). Temperature-dependent Sex Determination (TSD) is demonstrated in this species (Refs. 83974, 83976).

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Hirth, H.F. 1993. (Ref. 97534)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

  Vulnerable (VU) (A2bd)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
| FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.1 - 29, mean 27.5 (based on 3066 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown