Reptilia | Squamata | Hydrophiidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS
Mao, S. and B. Chen. 1980. (Ref. 75711)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 150 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 88066)
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 10 m (Ref. 78651)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 49°N - 58°S (Ref. 356)
Indo-Pacific and the Atlantic: from the Bay of Bengal and Taiwan to Australia and the islands of Oceania.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
Moderately built. Black cross bands completely encircle the bluish body. Black head with yellow snout and upper lip, yellow bar extending from the eye to the temporal region (Ref. 2357).
It is found in fringing reefs and is observed to rest on rock crevices near the water edge (Ref. 88090). Also found in the open ocean, in mangroves and coral islands, usually in shallow waters (Ref. 98471). Emerges from rocks to feed in the sea (Ref. 75610). Forages on eels in shallow coastal waters and goes back to land to slough and digest its prey (Ref. 98471). Exhibits sex divergence in dietary habits, wherein adult females feed mainly on large conger eels and take only a single prey item while adult males feed on smaller moray eels and constantly ingest multiple prey items (Ref. 74654). It seeks shelter in vegetation, beneath rocks, within crevices and caves on land (Ref. 98471). Also found along the roads and some low mountains (Ref. 2355). More terrestrial in habits than Laticauda laticaudata, its congener (Ref. 98471). Mating is observed on shore and a clutch of up to 10 eggs is deposited in crevices (Ref. 88090).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100)