Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment / Climate / Range
Indo-West Pacific: Endemic to Australia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 66.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 1.2 kg (Ref. 356)
Total Length: 58 to 66 cm; Wingspan: 137 to 157 cm (Ref. 8812). Scavenging; dipping; surface seizing; plunging; coastal (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 14.2 - 25.1, mean 18.1 (based on 433 cells).
Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100)