Aves | Ciconiiformes
Lepage, D. 2007. (Ref. 7816)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 61.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 830.00 g (Ref. 356)
Climate / Range
Indo-Pacific, Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean and the Arctic. Tropical to polar.
Culmen: 5.07 cm; wing: 42.65 cm.
Total Length: 51 to 61 cm; Wingspan: 124 to 127 cm (Ref. 8812). A coastal species (Ref. 356). Largely dependent on freshwater and terrestrial environments. Feeds mostly on non-fish vertebrate prey (Ref. 95711). Displays surface plunging and dipping behavior (Ref. 356). In the North Sea off the coasts of Scotland and northern England, is known to partially feed on the sandeel, Ammodytes marinus (Ref. 95711).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100)