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Larus argentatus   Pontoppidan, 1763

herring gull

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Larus argentatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Larus argentatus (herring gull)
Picture by Fenwick, David

Aves | Ciconiiformes | Laridae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Stiles, F.G. 1984. (Ref. 5856)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 66.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 1.1 kg (Ref. 356)

Others; freshwater

Climate / Range

Indo-Pacific and Atlantic Ocean.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description
Culmen: 5.09 cm; tarsus: 5.715 cm; wing: 41.15 cm.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Total Length: 56 to 66 cm; Wingspan: 137 (Ref. 8812) to 147 cm (Ref. 84934). Total population is unknown but with over 1,000,000 pairs in the Palearctic and over 150,000 pairs in eastern North America. Population has expanded and is now considered a pest in some European countries (Ref. 84934). Colonies of these birds can extend to 2 km (Ref. 87784). It has a 70% dispersal rate (Ref. 87790). Dipping; surface seizing; shallow plunge diving; coastal; <100 km (Ref. 356). Largely dependent on freshwater and terrestrial environments. Feeds mostly on non-fish vertebrate prey. In the North Sea off the coasts of Scotland and northern England, is known to partially feed on the sandeel, Ammodytes marinus (Ref. 95711). Breeds colonially in a wide variety of habitats including roofs in North America, Europe and northeast Asia (Ref. 84934). One of its observed behavior is to balance between attack and fleeing, these birds redirects their aggression and attack to a substitute object like grass pulling (Ref. 87789). As for coloniality, they visit breeding colonies for a year to select a colony, a potential nesting site, and to obtain a mate to determine if the site is where young are successfully reared (Ref. 84934).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

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More information

Common names
Egg development
Mass conversion

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)