Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment / Climate / Range
Eastern Pacific and Western Central Atlantic: Chile and Peru. Tropical and subtropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 42.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 189.00 g (Ref. 356)
Total Length: 40 to 42 cm (Ref. 8812). Breed in rocky caves; Follows fishing vessels to get fish offal; Hunts with sea lions. Dipping; shallow plunge diving; coastal (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 14.8 - 22.8, mean 19.7 (based on 113 cells).
Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100)