Malacostraca | Decapoda
Holthuis, L.B. 1991. (Ref. 4)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 37.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4); common length : 34.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4); common length :24 cm TL (female)
Benthic; depth range 0 - 60 m (Ref. 4), usually 10 - 35 m (Ref. 4)
Climate / Range
Temperate, preferred 15°C (Ref. 107945); 21°S - 47°S, 44°E - 99°E (Ref. 107486)
Western and Antarctic Indian Ocean.
The total body length of largest specimen ever recorded is 37 cm; and the total body length is 14 to 34 cm (male) and 9 to 24 cm (female); and carapace lengths of 6 to 13 cm (male) and 4 to 9 cm (female); with an average size of 21 to 28 cm (male) and 19 to 21 cm (female). The specimens from Amsterdam are slightly smaller than those from St Paul Island (Ref. 4). Occurs at depths of 0 to 60 m on rocky or gravel bottom, being most numerous in the kelp zone between 10 and 35 m (Ref. 4). Confined to oceanic islands and seamounts (Ref. 105202). It is nocturnal and feeds on plants and dead animal matter (Ref. 4). Partially vegetarian (Ref. 105260). Reported to exhibit cannibalism among its deep-water populations (Ref. 105202). May exhibit gynandromorphy (Ref. 10623). Egg-laying starts in May, and ovigerous females have been observed until November, or exceptionally early December. Females are caught from May to October, while males dominate in most catches from November to April (Ref. 4).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100)