Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Hodgson, G. 1998. (Ref. 269)
Size / Weight / Age
Common length : 9.9 cm DL male/unsexed; (Ref. 269)
Reef-associated; depth range 2 - 20 m (Ref. 98471)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 28°N - 34°S, 27°E - 170°W (Ref. 846)
Indo-Pacific. Tropical to subtropical.
Colonies are formed of thick encrustations that develop atout (usually less than 10 cm in diameter), vertical, irregulary shaped branches, depending on exposure to wave action. May dominate wave-washed communities due to its solid construction. Axial corallites are difficult to distinguish due to the large area of branch tip. Many colonies consist of less than 12 main branches (Ref. 269).
Usually less than 10 cm. Common in shallow and intermediate depths (Ref. 269). Occurs subtidally on deeper areas of reef flat, edge, slope, walls and submerged reefs (Ref. 98471). Hermaphroditic (Ref. 113712). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models