Anthozoa | Zoanthidea
Larson, K.S. and R.J. Larson. 1982. (Ref. 87281)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 87281)
Climate / Range
Western Central Atlantic and Western Pacific. Tropical and subtropical.
Pale brown. Adherent base with cylindrical body. Thick body-wall with subcuticular layer of mesogloea that connects with the general mesogloea by strands crossing the ectoderm. The thick mesogloea contains many lacunae and cell-islets. Well-developed endoderm with large endodermal and ectodermal bays. Mesogloeal sphincter is very strong, surrounded with fibrous-looking mesogloea different from the rest of the body-wall. Closely lined cells present in the cavities (Ref. 89044).
Found in rock pools between tide marks (Ref. 89044). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models