Demospongiae | Dictyoceratida
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 0.2 cm H male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Sessile; brackish; depth range 1 - 100 m (Ref. 108813)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 25°C - 33°C (Ref. 86836)
Western Atlantic: Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico.
Variable growth forms: massive-amorphous, globular, thickly encrusting, flabellate or irregularly branching. Reddish-brown to grey externally; tan internally. Conulose surface: 0.1 - 0.2 cm cm high; 0.2 - 0.3 cm apart. Membrane-bearing oscules: 0.1 - 0.8 cm wide; with white or dark rims, scattered. Compressible; rubbery, extremely tough to be cut. Spicules absent (Ref. 415, 85482).
Common on mangroves (Ref. 415). Massive forms usually found on reefs; while branching and more lobate forms inhabit quieter shallow inshore hard bottoms, sediment and seagrass beds (Ref. 85482). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)