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Ircinia felix   (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)

stinker sponge

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Ircinia felix   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Demospongiae | Dictyoceratida | Irciniidae

Environment / Climate / Range

Sessile; brackish; depth range 1 - 100 m (Ref. 108813).  Tropical; 25°C - 33°C (Ref. 86836)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Western Atlantic: Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 0.2 cm H male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Common on mangroves (Ref. 415). Massive forms usually found on reefs; while branching and more lobate forms inhabit quieter shallow inshore hard bottoms, sediment and seagrass beds (Ref. 85482). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)

Short description Morphology

Variable growth forms: massive-amorphous, globular, thickly encrusting, flabellate or irregularly branching. Reddish-brown to grey externally; tan internally. Conulose surface: 0.1 - 0.2 cm cm high; 0.2 - 0.3 cm apart. Membrane-bearing oscules: 0.1 - 0.8 cm wide; with white or dark rims, scattered. Compressible; rubbery, extremely tough to be cut. Spicules absent (Ref. 415, 85482).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.5 - 28, mean 25.5 (based on 336 cells; Ref. 115970).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown