Ircinia felix   (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)

stinker sponge

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Ircinia felix   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Ircinia felix
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Demospongiae | Dictyoceratida | Irciniidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Sessile; brackish; depth range 1 - 100 m (Ref. 108813).  Tropical; 25°C - 33°C (Ref. 86836)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Western Atlantic: Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 0.2 cm H male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)

Short description Morphology

Variable growth forms: massive-amorphous, globular, thickly encrusting, flabellate or irregularly branching. Reddish-brown to grey externally; tan internally. Conulose surface: 0.1 - 0.2 cm cm high; 0.2 - 0.3 cm apart. Membrane-bearing oscules: 0.1 - 0.8 cm wide; with white or dark rims, scattered. Compressible; rubbery, extremely tough to be cut. Spicules absent (Ref. 415, 85482).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Common on mangroves (Ref. 415). Massive forms usually found on reefs; while branching and more lobate forms inhabit quieter shallow inshore hard bottoms, sediment and seagrass beds (Ref. 85482). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.5 - 28, mean 25.5 (based on 336 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown