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Ircinia campana   (Lamarck, 1816)

vase garlic sponge

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Ircinia campana   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Ircinia campana
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Demospongiae | Dictyoceratida | Irciniidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Reef-associated; brackish; depth range 3 - 30 m (Ref. 108813).  Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Western Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 0.5 cm H male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)

Short description Morphology

Vase shaped. Reddish brown externally, tan internally. Oscules: 0.1 - 0.5 cm wide, only on the inner side. Surface conulose: 0.1 - 0.5 cm high; 2 - 9 m apart. Compressible in consistency, tough to cut (Ref. 415). May also be cup- or bowl-shaped; cylindrical forms rather than widening upward possible. Cup sides may be of unequal heights. Conules on the inner surface of the cup distinctly lower and crowded. Weak to well-developed vertical ribs or ridges on outer surface possible, surface may appear almost smooth. Rubbery. Exudate absent (Ref. 85482).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Rare on mangroves (Ref. 415), but common on shallow hard grounds, seagrass beds, and inshore reefs (Ref. 85482). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown