Demospongiae | Poecilosclerida
Zea, S., T.P. Henkel and J.R. Pawlik. 2009. (Ref. 81728)
Size / Weight / Age
Climate / Range
Western Central Atlantic.
Thick encrustations on an accumulation of sand and rubble, seemingly partly buried. Surface dirty with sediment. Feels rugged when handled, but appears smooth when dermis is stretched. Black in situ, dark purple when stored. Surface is soft, fibers tough. Purple mucus exudate that stains the hands. Oscules not apparent (Ref. 85482).
Found in sand and rubble on coral reefs. Also in lagoons, mangroves, and pilings. Known from depths between 0.1 to 45 m (Ref. 85482). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models