Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Hodgson, G. 1998. (Ref. 269)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 60.0 cm male/unsexed; (Ref. 269); common length : 1.5 cm male/unsexed; (Ref. 269)
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 847)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 29°N - 27°S, 34°E - 172°W (Ref. 847)
Widely distributed throughout central Indo-Pacific.
In situ, this species resembles an upside-down salad bowl, up to 60 cm in diameter and 1 to 1.5 cm thick. The septa generally run uninterrupted the entire distance from the primary corallite to the margin. Primary septa are much more exsert than secondaries, and both are strongly dentate. Corallites are irregularly distributed, but may form lines parallel to the margin. Each corallites is marked by a small mound of highly exsert septa, therefore the colony surface is rough. The underside is comparatively smooth with regulary exsert costae and low spines (Ref. 269). Zooxanthellae; free-living (Ref. 19).
In situ, this species resembles an upside-down salad bowl, up to 60 cm in diameter and 1 to 1.5 cm thick (Ref. 269). On middle to lower reef slopes away from wave action (Ref. 101943). Zooxanthellae; free-living (Ref. 19). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100)