Anthozoa | Actiniaria
Harms, J. 1993. (Ref. 2711)
Size / Weight / Age
Climate / Range
Asia outside Western Palearctic. Northeast Atlantic: UK and Germany.
Found on littoral and circalittoral rock and other hard substrata (Ref. 1314). Solitary (Ref. 2377). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models