Gastropoda | Patellogastropoda
The Academy of Natural Sciences. 2006. (Ref. 3204)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 20.0 cm SHW male/unsexed; (Ref. 93239)
Benthic; depth range 0 - 50 m
Climate / Range
Temperate; 32°S - 43°S, 116°E - 153°E
Indo-West Pacific: Endemic to Australia, from Fremantle, Western Australia to Angourie, New South Wales and south to Blubber Head, Tasmania.
Adults live on rocky surfaces, hidden in crevices, caves, fissures or vertical rock faces (Ref. 93239). Frequent in estuaries, in natural beds on a shingle and mud bank (Ref. 63218). Broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos develop into lecithotrophic larvae and later into juvenile veligers before becoming fully grown adults. Also Ref. 833 (Ref. 105526).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
FAO(Aquaculture: production; fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)