Demospongiae | Haplosclerida
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 0.5 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Sessile; brackish; depth range 1 - 10 m (Ref. 108813)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 25°C - 33°C (Ref. 86836)
Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean.
Cushion-like: less than 0.5 cm thickness with oscular chimneys; 0.5 - 5 cm long. Thin long proliferations branching off the main body; 0.1 - 0.2 cm wide, several cm long. Highly variable color from pink, to violet, or purple externally and internally. Oscules: 0.05 - 0.1 cm wide (Ref. 415). Surface smooth to the eye, but faintly hispid and distinctly porous. Soft, compressible and limp; easily damaged. Occasionally light brownish. Exudate absent (Ref. 85482).
Maximum thickness: less than 0.5 cm (Ref. 415). Depth range from Belize and Panama (Ref. 86836). Found on reef flats, and on rocks in shallow water. Very common on lagoon bottoms and on mangrove roots (Ref. 85482). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)