Demospongiae | Haplosclerida
Environment / Climate / Range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 0 - 12 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 15.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Massive to lobate sponge, typically 10 - 15 cm in diameter, from which thick-walled oscular chimneys arise; 3 - 5 cm high. Oscules: 0.5 - 2 cm in diameter. Surface smooth. Consistency elastic compressible but easily torn; pronounced mucus strands appear when fragments are torn apart (Ref. 415).
In Bocas del Torro, Panama: found only on the top of the peat bank (Ref. 415). Also found in mangroves (Ref. 86836). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 26.1 - 28.4, mean 27.1 (based on 225 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)