Demospongiae | Haplosclerida
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 15.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Sessile; brackish; depth range 0 - 12 m (Ref. 108813)
Climate / Range
Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean.
Massive to lobate sponge, typically 10 - 15 cm in diameter, from which thick-walled oscular chimneys arise; 3 - 5 cm high. Oscules: 0.5 - 2 cm in diameter. Surface smooth. Consistency elastic compressible but easily torn; pronounced mucus strands appear when fragments are torn apart (Ref. 415).
In Bocas del Torro, Panama: found only on the top of the peat bank (Ref. 415). Also found in mangroves (Ref. 86836). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)