Demospongiae | Haplosclerida
Environment / Climate / Range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 1 - 2 m (Ref. 86836). Tropical; 25°C - 33°C (Ref. 86836)
Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 0.3 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Thinly encrusting to small mounds; less than 0.1 cm - 0.3 cm thick; with volcano-like oscular elevations; 0.1 - 0.2 cm high, 0.4 - 1.2 cm wide. Oscules: small; 0.1 - 0.3 cm. Commonly stolons branch off main body. Bright to drab turquoise green. Surface smooth and punctuate. Soft (Ref. 415).
Body Thickness: 0.3 cm. Depth range from Belize and Panama (Ref. 86836). It is an epibiotic species found on mangroves and submerged vegetation (Ref. 108813). Common on mangrove roots and other sponges (Ref. 415). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 26.3 - 28.4, mean 27.2 (based on 255 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)