Demospongiae | Halichondrida
Messing, Charles. 2010. (Ref. 85482)
Size / Weight / Age
Climate / Range
Western Central Atlantic: USA. Probably in Belize.
Irregular mass usually covered with and semi-buried in sediment and algae. Bright yellow exterior, paler interior. Surface covered by fistules no wider than 0.05 cm with heights between 1 to 2 cm. Oscules less than 0.05 cm on top of oscular chimneys 1 cm wide, 2 to 3 cm high. Soft and compressible, exudate absent. Poorly developed ectosomal skeleton, surface layer non-detachable (Ref. 85482).
Grows with algae on mud bottoms in brackish water (Ref. 85482). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models