Demospongiae | Halichondrida
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; brackish; depth range 1 - 5 m (Ref. 108813)
Climate / Range
Eastern Central Pacific and Western Central Atlantic.
Massive-amorphous to ramose, black to dark green externally, black with yellow tinges internally. Surface varies from smooth, to tuberculate to conulose. Oscules raised above the body: 0.3 - 10 cm wide. Compressible to the touch. Smooth surface, with detachable skin (Ref. 415).
Shallow coastal environments, mangroves and seagrass beds (Ref. 415); reef habitat (Ref. 836). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models