Demospongiae | Halichondrida
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; brackish; depth range 1 - 177 m (Ref. 108813)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 25°C - 33°C (Ref. 86836)
Western Central Atlantic.
Massive-amorphous to lobate, and fleshy. The surface varies from smooth, wrinkled, to having fistules-like projections: 0.5 cm wide; 0.5 - 1 cm long. Compressible and a clear detachable skin is present (Ref. 415).
Common on mangrove roots, on bottom of mangrove creeks, and growing on peat banks (Ref. 415). Also known from coral reefs and rocky bottoms (Ref. 83912). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models