Mammalia | Carnivora
Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwood and M.A. Webber. 1993. (Ref. 1394)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 230 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1394); 200 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 310.0 kg (Ref. 1394); max. published weight: 310.0 kg
Climate / Range
Temperate; 90°N - 90°S, 180°W - 180°E
Northeast Atlantic and Atlantic Ocean: Iceland, Faroe Islands, Norway, United Kingdom, Ireland, Baltic Sea (Ref. 1394); Halichoerus grypus grypus: USA, Newfoundland, Gulf of St. Lawrence, Norway, Iceland, Faroe, Shetland Islands, Orkney Islands, Great Britain, Ireland, Netherlands, France, Greenland, Portugal; Halichoerus grypus macrorhynchus: Baltic Sea, from the Gulfs of Bothnia and Finland south to Denmark (Ref. 1522).
Inhabits in coastal areas; they haul-out on isolated beaches and rocky ledges of islands. Feeds on a wide variety of fishes and invertebrates and occasionally take seabirds (Ref. 1394). Found in coastal areas; they haul-out on isolated beaches and rocky ledges of islands. Feeds on a wide variety of fishes and invertebrates and occasionally take seabirds (Ref. 1394).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
High to very high vulnerability (66 of 100)