Aves | Ciconiiformes
Stiles, F.G. 1984. (Ref. 5856)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 33.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 160.00 g (Ref. 356)
Climate / Range
Atlantic Ocean and Indo-Pacific. Gygis alba candida: Polynesia along the Australian coasts northwards to Torres Straits and Malay Archipelago to India (Ref. 89295).
Culmen: 3.2 cm; tarsus: 1.44 cm; wing: 25.2 cm.
Total Length: 28 to 33 cm; Wingspan: 70 to 87 cm (Ref. 8812). Coastal (Ref. 356). Exclusively marine. Breeds at many tropical and subtropical oceanic islands (Ref. 91362). Solitary breeder; uniquely, lays a single egg on tree branch without any nest. Inquisitive; hovers around nest site in presence of human intruders (Ref. 91362). Exhibits dipping behavior (Ref. 356). Feeds mainly on fish (Ref. 81748).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (23 of 100)